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Research Note

2020/10/05

Increasingly Complex and Sophisticated "Hybrid Warfare" during Peacetime: Japan's Comprehensive Response and the Japan-US Response by Saito Takashi (former Chief of Staff, Joint Staff)

This study group is focused on research delving into law enforcement in a "gray zone," situation. Besides returning to the basics, we have expanded our scope of inquiry to include not only law enforcement but also the domain of "space" to be considered along with land, sea, and air domains; and the "cyber domain" and the "electromagnetic domain" as conceptual spaces. In addition, the scope has been expanded to the "cognitive domain" in which--rather than relying on information warfare and public opinion warfare--advanced information processing technologies are used for the ultimate goal of influencing the decision-making of national leaders. Thus, this research deepens investigation into the nature of so-called "hybrid warfare." Even in the conventional area of the sea, there are subjects related to the seabed--such as underseas resources and underseas cables--that should be considered from a new perspective as well. With this view, it is essential to be aware that competition between countries has already begun in peacetime.

 

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